Thinking about rebuilding your engine? Here’s some information that could help you to make good choices.
Why would I rebuild my engine?
The usual reasons for rebuilding an engine are loss of compression, excessive oil consumption, or excessive oil clearances.
The symptoms of loss of compression are extended cranking (hard to start), lack of power, or a misfire (running rough). All of these symptoms can be caused by lack of compression, but they can also be caused by other things, so before the engine is rebuilt it should be diagnosed by performing a compression or leakdown test.
Oil consumption is the loss of motor oil even though there are no significant external oil leaks. It can be caused by worn valve guides, dried valve guide seals, stuck oil control rings, or excessive cylinder to piston clearance. It also can be caused by a very inexpensive PCV valve. So try replacing this first before condemning the engine.
The most common symptom of excessive oil clearances is an awful knock coming from the engine. Low oil pressure is also a symptom of excessive oil clearances but is less common (by the time the oil pressure goes low there’s usually an engine knock evident). Engine knock can be caused by worn rod bearings, main bearings, piston pins, pistons, and cam bearings. Sometimes some types of engine knock can be repaired with the engine in the car. The engine must be partially disassembled to know for sure.
Is it worth it to rebuild or repair my engine?
Most of the time it comes down to a personal choice. There is no good formulaic solution to the question. There are cases where it’s an easy decision. If the car is 20 years old with 300,000 miles on it and is falling apart at the seams then it’s pretty obvious it makes no sense to fix it. If the car is 5 years old and in good shape it’s definitely worth fixing. Most of the cars that need engines fall somewhere in-between. Our best advise is to have a full vehicle inspection done before having the engine repaired, then consider the total projected cost of the engine plus any needed maintenance and repairs. Consider whether you like your car or not and the cost of buying a new or used car you would like. Keep in mind that there is some uncertainty in buying a used car even if you have it inspected. Remember to include financing costs and full coverage insurance when thinking about a new car. In some cases it is worth doing repairs to a car in excess of its bluebook value.
So my car will be like new, right?
Nope. The car is much more than just the engine. There’s steering, suspension, transmission, brakes, tires, axles, fuel injection, smog equipment, and a lot more. A car with a rebuilt engine will still run poorly with bad ignition wire, and still fail smog with a bad O2 sensor, and still overheat with a bad radiator.
What are the different ways of repairing the engine?
The least expensive is a ring and valve job. This is done for a engine that has lost compression in one or more cylinders or is burning oil. A ring and valve job is done with the engine block in the car. It includes removing the head and rebuilding it, removing the pistons and re-ringing them, honing the cylinder walls if needed and replacing the rod bearings. The philosophy is to repair the engine as needed. Parts that are still good are not replaced. For instance, if the valve guide diameter is still within manufacturers specification, then they are not replaced. You pay for what you get, so if your engine is less damaged then it costs less. Usually you will be quoted for the basic job and after inspection of the components you will get a call back with a more accurate estimate. A ring and valve job can not be done if the cylinder walls are worn beyond specification, the crank is worn, or the deck surface is warped or irregular. These are things that can not be inspected until the engine is taken apart. All machine work for the ring and valve job is done here at Art’s Automotive.
The next option is an in-house rebuild. This repair can fix pretty much any engine problem. Often this type of rebuild starts out as a ring and valve job where worn cylinder walls were found, requiring boring. For this repair the engine block is removed from the car. It includes rebuilding the head, boring the cylinders oversized and new pistons, new timing components, decking the block, replacing the rod and main bearings, replacing the freeze plugs, and other repairs as necessary. The philosophy is to repair the engine as needed. For instance, if the crank journals do not need to be ground undersized, then they aren’t. You pay for what you get so if your engine is less damaged you pay less. Usually you will be quoted for the basic job and after inspection of the components you will get a call back with a more accurate estimate. Art’s Automotive may not do all the machine work for this type of repair. For instance, we cannot service rods or grind cranks, but we will double check all machine work and do the final cleaning and assembly.
The third and most expensive way repair the engine is a rebuilt exchange. The philosophy is to repair everything whether it is needed or not. For instance, a crank in usable condition would be ground undersize anyway. Unfortunately, since Densmore Engines closed, we don’t have a supplier of exchange units that we fully trust. If this option is chosen, the warranty for the engine will be with the supplier of the engine, and any labor warranty will need to be purchased through them as well. We have seen some truly horrible workmanship from rebuilders who have major OE contracts.
What about those 30,000 mile old Japanese used engines?
It’s a gamble. Maybe you’ll get a good one, maybe not. We have disassembled a few of these engines and can guarantee that they have way more than 30,000 miles. We have installed used engines that burn lots of oil, have rod knocks, and even blown head gaskets. If you feel lucky and think none of these things will happen to your used engine, we will install it for you. When we install used engines we like to replace the timing belt, water pump, cam and crank seals, rear main seal, oil pan gasket, valve cover gasket and anything else that’s easy to replace with the engine out of the car. The warranty on the engine is 6 months and does not include labor. If there is a major problem with the engine we will give a discount on the labor for the installation of the second engine during the six month warranty period. If you are looking for the cheapest price on the installation of a used engine try Jemco in Oakland. We have not seen any lower prices than theirs.
What is the warranty we you rebuild an engine?
1 year parts and labor. The warranty is void if the engine is overheated. A heat tab will be installed on the engine that melts at a certain temperature. The warranty is void if the engine is run out of oil. Running the engine out of oil leaves telltale damage so we’ll be able to tell even if the oil is filled up after the fact. So please keep an eye on the temperature gauge, coolant level, and oil level so you can catch a small problem before it becomes a big one.
How do I break in the rebuilt engine?
Vary the engine speed and load. Don’t use over 75% throttle. Don’t go over 75% of the maximum RPM. Don’t use synthetic oil. Don’t let the engine idle for extended periods. Don’t cruise on the freeway at the same speed for extended periods. It should only take about 500 miles to break an engine in. After that change the oil and do what you want. Believe it or not, how you break your engine in can make a huge difference in how long your rebuilt engine lasts and how much oil it uses. You should also be aware that the rebuilt engine will burn more oil as it is breaking in, so check the oil frequently.
Why did the engine go bad in the first place?
This is important to consider. If the engine overheated due to a partially clogged radiator and a new engine is installed without addressing this, the new engine will surely fail too. If your maintenance was spotty and you don’t change your habits, then the new engine will fail as well. There usually is a correctable reason for engine failure. Most of the engines we work on will last the life of the car without needing a rebuild. We have one customer with almost 400,000 miles on her original engine. There are of course fluky failures like an Integra that burned a hole in the head behind the back side of the valve seat at 40,000 miles and an Civic that dropped a valve for no apparent reason, but problems like these are rare. So if the cause of the engine failure in not apparent to you, be sure to ask.